Planting chili seeds
You can get chili seeds for planting in garden centers, online shops and even fresh chili peppers. These seeds start to germinate after a few days as soon as you plant them in soil. A humid, warm climate is important.
Here are a few tips to make sure that as many chili seeds as possible germinate:
Chili seeds need at least 20 °C to germinate. The germination rate is higher if you use a mini greenhouse. A humid climate of 25 - 28 °C should prevail in the greenhouse. You will need an unfertilized substrate for cultivation. Wadding, growing soil or spring tabs are suitable for sowing. We have had good experiences with coconut spring tabs.
After you have prepared the substrate, plant the seed at a depth of about 0.5 - 1 cm. Depending on how many seeds you have available, you can use one to three seeds per planting hole. If all the chili seeds open, the seedlings will simply be separated later.
Fresh seeds germinate the fastest. At some supermarkets you can get chillies as a mix. Choose the ripest chillies possible. The seeds of green chillies are only partially developed. It is rare for seeds from green, unripe chillies to germinate.
Dried seeds are best ordered in the many shops that specialize in chili products. Here you can find seeds by genus, severity and variety.
Capsicum annuum plants are usually the easiest for beginners. Those who like it hot will easily find chillies with a sharpness of 9 or 10. Milder varieties have a sharpness of less than five. Peppers, without the sharpness-causing capsaicin, have 0 degree of sharpness.
Many chili growers soak dried chili seeds overnight in lukewarm water. Some recommend chamomile tea. Bacteria, fungi and pathogens are weakened so that they do not spread further. Later, the chilli plant has enough of its own defenses. So it can’t hurt to let the seeds swell in lukewarm chamomile tea. By soaking the chillies also germinate faster.
The germ duration with most seeds lies with 10 – 21 days. If the seeds have not germinated, they may have rotted or dried out. If the soil is too wet and at the same time the temperature is too low, this can easily happen. You should take care to keep a humid but not wet climate in the greenhouse. Ventilate regularly once or twice a day. This also prevents the formation of mould.
When the plants have germinated, they are pricked close together. Carefully loosen the soil and pull out the seedling and root. You should plant only one chili plant in a 15 cm flower pot.
You can actually start growing chillies at any time. The plants can be grown indoors all year round. Plants for the balcony or garden are best planted in February. Habaneros and Rocotos are best in January. From mid-May sowing can also take place directly outdoors.
You can grow wonderful plants from chilli seeds. They look beautiful and are incredibly productive. After the first chillies have been grown from seeds, many people fall for this hobby passionately. This never gets boring. There are too many varieties for that.
From mild to hot, ornamental chillies to the longest chilli pepper. Some seeds are so rare that they can only be obtained through good chili friends.