Hottest chilies in the world
Since the new millennium, the events surrounding the world’s hottest chili have been in full swing. Even before the year 2000, sharpness values of one million Scoville chillies were unimaginable. From 2004 onwards, the news turned to the world’s hottest chili.
It started with the news in 2004 that the Dorset Naga was the first to break the million Scoville mark. In the run-up to this, there was some news that was quickly dismissed as rumours. Now in 2017 we are already at over two million SHU with the Carolina Reaper. For the title of the “hottest chili in the world” there has been a fiery race over the last 10 years.
In SHU, sharpness is measured on the Scoville scale. It means Scoville Heat Units. Pure capsaicin has a potency of 16 million SHU. If you put two drops of capsaicin concentrate into a larger swimming pool, you could still taste the sharpness in the water. A pool of 4.5 m diameter has a capacity of about 16,000 liters.
In the list of the top ten hottest chilli varieties, we start right away with the current record holder:
Since November 2013 it is official: Carolina Reaper is the hottest chili in the world1. Registered in the Guinness Book of Records. At the legendary Chile Pepper Institute of the New Mexico State University under the direction of Paul Bosland, her sharpness was measured. Carolina Reaper pods achieved sharpness values of 1.5 mil. to 2.2 mil. Scoville units.
Whether you eat these chilli peppers or spray pepper spray in your mouth makes little difference to the degree of sharpness. The official name is Smokin’ Ed’s Carolina Reaper® and was bred by Ed Currie in South Carolina.
In February 2012 the Trinidad Moruga Scorpion Chili was declared the hottest chili by the Chile Pepper Institute in New Mexico. A very beautiful chili plant, which should actually come straight from hell. Instead it comes originally from Moruga in Trinidad and Tobago. On this planet there is only one chili which contains more capsaicin than this variety. You have to imagine: At 2,000,000 Scoville units, that fruit is one-eighth pure capsaicin.
One of the most beautiful and at the same time tastiest pods in the top ten of the hottest chillies. The appearance is reminiscent of the Scorpion chili. However, the sting is not as pronounced. The 7 pot Douglah Chili stands out with a beautiful brown colour. An incredibly delicious smoky taste could be tasted if pot chilies didn’t hurt so much.
Beautiful plant whose fruits change from poisonous green to dark purple and bronze-brown when ripening. Real recommendation.
Butch Taylor bred this variety in Australia. Officially, it carried the title as the hottest chili in the world in the Guinness Book of Records from 2011 to 2013. For a particularly hot chili, the surface is amazingly smooth. For the other hot chillies, a scratchy surface is typical.
Fruits of Trinidad Scorpion Butch T shine in an orange-red colour. Bushy plant that grows handsome about 80 cm high.
The British are not exactly known for their extremely spicy food. Komodo dragon chili is proof to the contrary. It is bred and cultivated by a company in Bedfordshire, which used to grow cucumbers. The 1.4 mil Scoville units of hot chillies are delivered to supermarkets. Two employees of a supermarket, who tried the chillies at a test meal, regretted the brutal hotness shortly afterwards. However, they were of the opinion that no one should eat the chili whole. Here is a report from the English DailyMail. If you don’t understand much English: pictures are worth a thousand words.
The Naga Viper, also from England, made it to the top of the hottest chilies for a short time in 2011. Probably she was crossed from the three varieties Naga Morich, Bhut Jolokia and Trinidad Scorpion.
Naga Viper seeds are sometimes difficult to obtain. Maybe because she (still) is considered a relatively unstable hybrid.
Among the many 7 pot varieties one of the milder varieties. In the list some of the 7 pot chilies have been omitted. They were from rank 3 - 10 otherwise the most positions. For example the 7 pot - Burgundy, Jonah, Brain Strain, Primo, Infinity and red, brown, orange, yellow. These chili plants come from the Caribbean, are fiery hot and have a fruity Habanero taste.
With this cross between a Capsicum chinense and frutescens, the fireworks around the throne of the world’s hottest chili began. For the first time the firewall was broken by a million scoville. Before the Bhut Jolokia (ghost chili) became official in 2007, the rumor mill was bubbling. Many names circulate through the internet.
Chilli growers did not believe that such high levels of pungency were possible. After all, chilli from Assam (India) was the record holder in terms of pungency from 2007 - 2011. Depending on the cultivation area in northeastern India, it also bore names such as Naga Morich, Bih Jolokia and Naga Jolokia. Some of the different Jolokia varieties differ only in the size of the fruit.
Maybe there was something like the Red Savina Habanero affair. She made the Guinness Book of Records with 577,000 SHU in 2006. In later measurements the Red Savina Chili had “only” 350,000 Scoville units. Restlessness spread among the breeders. A certification as a leader pays off in big money. In today’s measurements, the top and average values are openly communicated. A scattering of the capsaicin content is completely normal.
The Red Savina Habanero was cultivated by Frank Garcia and his company. GNS Spices and Mr. Garcia bred a particularly beautiful chili plant and probably represents the crowning glory among the Habaneros.
Perhaps many other varieties would have had to occupy 10th place. But because Scotch Bonnet Habanero is one of the hottest chillies in the world, she has the honour of being the last on the top ten list.
Striking is the shape of the Scotch Bonnet from which it also got its name: Scotch Bonnet or in German Schotten Mütze. The flat chilli pepper comes from the Caribbean. It is from there that it gets its fiery fruitiness. Many Habanero chilli sauce manufacturers rely on the good taste and juiciness of chilli. It is therefore cultivated in large quantities in commercial agriculture on Jamaica. While most of the extremely hot chilli varieties listed here reach a growth height of about 80 cm, the tartan-hooded Habanero manages to grow to 1.2 metres.
Dragon Breath 2.48 million SHU
According to rumors, the “Dragon Breath” should reach 2.4 million SHU. If this is true, this would be a new record. But there are many doubts about it. The university, with which the Welsh Mike Smith is said to have bred and experimented with the chili, has not reported this itself. The bubbly surface that comes from a mutation and is typical for chillies that are exceptionally hot is not visible on the published pictures.
In the meantime, confirmed publication should also be issued, but this is not the case. All this tempts us to see the news about the dragon breath chili as a duck.
You should wear gloves when working with spicy pods. With these insanely spicy varieties, it’s mandatory. When harvesting them, protective clothing is even worn along with glasses and mask. One does not play with the fieriest Capsicum varieties.